More Deaths in Puerto Rico than Announced During the Pandemic

Deaths in Puerto Rico have increased over the past three months despite the few COVID-19 losses reported on the island and the drop in fatalities from accidents and crimes due to quarantine confinement, as compared to 2019, the Center for Investigative Journalism (CPI, in Spanish) found. This, contrary to what was publicly said by Health Secretary Lorenzo González Feliciano and by the director of the Demographic Registry, Wanda Llovet the first week of May when the Department of Health sent the media the data on the deaths of March and April, without making the distinction that they were still significantly incomplete. On May 5, Secretary González Feliciano said in the Jugando Pelota Dura television program that deaths for the month of April totaled 1,750, “when typically in Puerto Rico we  have 2,500 deaths per month.” “How do you explain that? Possibly with the reduction in crime, the decrease in other conditions, but what has been done in Puerto Rico has resulted in a significant impact on the absolute number of deaths,” he continued in reference to the Government of Puerto Rico’s COVID-19 contention measures.

Hospitals in Puerto Rico don’t run COVID-19 tests on the deceased

One of the most important factors to confirm the real status of the COVID-19 case fatality rate in Puerto Rico is to conduct molecular tests on people who die and who had any symptoms of the disease. However, hospitals — which is where most people on the island die — have not been testing all suspected patients and none of the deceased, Puerto Rico’s Secretary of Health Lorenzo González Feliciano admitted on Tuesday to questions from the Center for Investigative Journalism (CPI, in Spanish). More than 60% of deaths in Puerto Rico occur in hospitals, according to Demographic Registry data. The official answered the question during a press conference on Tuesday about the status of COVID-19 on the island, when he also reported that disease-related deaths were already at 64 and that, of those, 19 were detected through the annotations that doctors make on death certificates they send to the Demographic Registry of Puerto Rico. González said some of those cases lack confirmatory tests, but did not specify how many of them, and answered categorically that the hospitals have not been taking the samples.

Data Mismatch Prevents Knowing If There are Enough Ventilators and Isolation Beds for COVID-19 Patients

The ventilators available in Puerto Rico, which are not exclusively for COVID-19 patients, would not be sufficient to care for the 15,800 to 20,250 critically ill patients who could   require their use to save their lives, according to projections by the COVID-19 Task Force about people who may   contract the virus for as long as the epidemic lasts on the island, and data from the World Health Organization (WHO). Between public and private hospitals, there are only 880 ventilators available in Puerto Rico, and as the spread of the novel disease continues, worldwide demand for this equipment is also on the rise. The COVID-19 Task Force projected that between 316,000 to 405,000 people could become ill with COVID-19. Puerto Rico has a population of 3.7 million. This data, presented last Tuesday, comes   from tests done   locally   and based on the experience in other countries such as China and Italy .