Individual Assistance (IA)

The Federal Emergency Management Agency provides financial help or direct services to individuals and households via the Individual Assistance program. IA includes the following programmatic areas:

Crisis Counseling Program (CCP-NIMH)
Crisis Counseling Program (CCP-SCC)
Disaster Case Management (DCM)
Disaster Legal Services (DLS)
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)
Housing Assistance (HA)
IA Contract Services (CS)
Immediate Needs Assistance (INA)
Manufactured Housing Unit (MHU)
Other Needs Assistance (ONA)
Voluntary Agencies Leading & Organizing Repair (VALOR)


Any sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to life and property from a hazard event. (Source: Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance)

Mitigation activity

A mitigation measure, project, plan, or action proposed to reduce risk of
future damage, hardship, loss, or suffering from disasters. (Source: Hazard Mitigation
Assistance Guidance)

Mitigation project

A mitigation action is a specific action, project, activity, or process taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from hazards and their impacts. A mitigation project is a logical grouping of any mitigation measures or actions proposed to reduce risk of future damage from disasters. (Source: Guide for Permanent Work in Puerto Rico Public Assistance Alternative Procedures (Section 428))

Non-Federal Contribution

The non-federal contribution, also known as matching funds, is the portion of the costs of a program or project with federal assistance that are not funded by the Federal Government. Each project or program establishes the minimum matching of funds.


Federal money actually paid out.

Permanent Work (Categories C to G)

Work that is required to restore a damaged facility, through repair or restoration, to its pre-disaster design, function, and capacity in accordance with applicable codes and standards. (Source: COR3)

Public Assistance (PA)

Disaster grant assistance available for communities to quickly respond to and recover from major disasters or emergencies declared by the President. Public Assistance reimburses local governments and certain private non-profit organizations for removing disaster-generated debris, the cost of preparing for and responding to the disaster and repairing or replacing eligible infrastructure including roads, bridges, buildings and utilities. FEMA obligates funding for these projects directly to Puerto Rico. It is divided into the following categories:

Emergency Work
Category A: Debris removal
Category B: Emergency protective measures

Permanent Work
Category C: Roads and bridges
Category D: Water control facilities
Category E: Public buildings and contents
Category F: Public utilities
Category G: Parks, recreational, and other facilities

Administrative costs
Category Z: Direct administrative costs