The deaths of Hurricane María

Four hundred and eighty seven stories of extreme and inhuman suffering, each one with its own name, prove that many of the deaths caused by Hurricane María could have been avoided, while revealing the causes that led to this historic rise in mortality in Puerto Rico. The latter is evidenced by the only comprehensive record available of the deaths related to the hurricane, documented by a joint investigation of the Center for Investigative Journalism (CPI), Quartz (QZ) and Associated Press (AP). The existing list is that of the Government of Puerto Rico which still includes only 64 deaths. Meanwhile, U.S. President Donald Trump — who has downplayed the magnitude of the catastrophe since the beginning and glorified his response level — said on Thursday that the estimate of deaths validated by the government of Puerto Rico and produced by George Washington University (GWU) is yet another fabrication from Democrats to make him look bad. “3000 people did not die in the two hurricanes that hit Puerto Rico.

Department of Corrections awards contract to CoreCivic to transfer inmates to the U.S.

A plane chartered by CoreCivic, the main prisons operator in the United States mainland, will arrive in Puerto Rico in the coming weeks to transport a group of inmates who will be taken to the airport escorted by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (DCR) staff, after the agency awarded the company a $10 million-plus contract on July 31. Before boarding, the inmates will go through a “process of security and medical check-up.” Then they will travel to their new destination: La Palma Correctional Center in Arizona. CoreCivic will make several trips through its own airline, TransCor, until the DCR has achieved its goal of moving the first 1,200 inmates from Puerto Rico prisons to relocate them to that private jail in Arizona. The details of the transportation are included in CoreCivic’s proposal to the DCR. Although the prisoners in Puerto Rico have not received an orientation yet about the Arizona prison, “by August 15 we could already be talking about the first inmates who will be getting on an airplane,” Erik Rolón, secretary of the DCR told the Center for Investigative Journalism (CPI for its initials in Spanish.)

The Corrections Secretary told the CPI that the process of informing inmates about the services they will have in the Arizona jail will begin this Monday, August 6.

EPA Adopts New Rules Tailored for AES Coal Plant Puerto Rico

At the request of carbon-powered AES Puerto Rico and Utility Solid Waste Activities Group (USWAG), the new head of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Andrew Wheeler, authorized states and territories to suspend groundwater monitoring carried out in landfills and ash ponds, and ordered that the permitted levels of lead, cobalt, lithium and molybdenum be raised in those aquifers. Wheeler’s first reform will go into effect in a month and it will have the effect of hiding critical information from nearby communities, as well as allowing those who produce this waste to not have to respond for the pollution caused. The USWAG is an influential conglomerate of U.S. utilities that intervenes with its lobbyists on public policy issues on solid and hazardous waste. AES Corporation, parent company of the Puerto Rico coal energy company, is also a member of that association. Wheeler added that the claims made last year by the USWAG and AES Puerto Rico deserved to be addressed “in the public interest” and accepted by the federal agency, because their implementation will result in net savings of up to $31.4 million per year for owners and operators of electric coal plants.

Puerto Rico’s Fiscal Control Board: Parallel Government Full of Lawyers and Consultants

Martin Bienenstock sits in the audience, looking at his tablet. As the twelfth public meeting of Puerto Rico’s Fiscal Control Board takes place, he raises his eyes, adjusts his glasses, frowns and pays attention to the discussion. Nothing seems to happen and his eyes go back to the electronic device. Bienenstock, a partner at New York-based Proskauer Rose, is a well-known lawyer in the corporate restructuring industry. With almost 40 years of experience, he has participated in many of the largest bankruptcies in the U.S., including a key role in the restructuring of General Motors and Chrysler, and representing now-defunct Enron in its Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

Government of Puerto Rico did not follow federal guideline to certify post-María deaths

The government of Puerto Rico did not follow guidelines from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta to fill out death certificates after Hurricane María, which suggests attaching a special form to link the death to a natural disaster. The Center for Investigative Journalism (CPI, for its initials in Spanish) discovered that the federal agency waited 36 days after the hurricane to send the documents, which include the special form, to the Puerto Rico Health Department and the Demographic Registry. “The correct protocol and laws where used,” insisted Héctor Pesquera, Secretary of Public Security, in November, after questions arose about the official numbers of deaths related to the emergency. At that time, when asked about the lack of a clear protocol for accounting deaths, Gov. Ricardo Rosselló told BuzzFeed News: “It’s ok [the protocol], that is not the case. There are clear criteria.” He added that the officials had been “working on that and they have been meeting with hospitals, crematoriums, Forensics Sciences and they have already distributed the protocol.”

However, the CDC guidelines suggest that each standard death certificate have an attached form titled Epidemiological Disaster Mortality Surveillance.

CPI+CNN Investigation: Records suggest Puerto Rico saw a leptospirosis outbreak after Hurricane Maria — but officials won’t call it that

Puerto Rico’s own records list so many cases of the bacterial disease leptospirosis that officials should have declared an “epidemic” or an “outbreak” after Hurricane Maria instead of denying that one occurred, according to seven medical experts who reviewed previously unreleased data for CNN and the Centro de Periodismo Investigativo (CPI). A Puerto Rico mortality database — which CNN and CPI sued the island’s Demographic Registry to obtain — lists 26 deaths in the six months after Hurricane Maria that were labeled by clinicians as “caused” by leptospirosis, a bacterial illness known to spread through water and soil, especially in the aftermath of storms. That’s more than twice the number of deaths as were listed in Puerto Rico the previous year, according to an analysis of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) records. “Twenty-six deaths attributed to leptospirosis — that’s extraordinary,” said Dr. Joseph Vinetz, a professor of medicine at the University of California San Diego and an expert on the disease, who reviewed the data. “There’s no other way of putting it … The numbers are huge.”

Puerto Rico’s Health Department attributed only four leptospirosis deaths to Hurricane Maria until June 22 — when it added two more after CNN and CPI asked about the 26 deaths. Officials maintained that the timing was related to laboratory tests and not questions from reporters.

CPI Certifies That Rosselló Government Did Not Deliver All Information Regarding Deaths in Puerto Rico

After conducting an exhaustive inventory of several thousand digital and printed documents, the Center for Investigative Journalism (CPI) certified Wednesday night through a compliance order submitted to the court that it received only part of the information requested to the government of Puerto Rico about deaths on the island after Hurricane María. A database showing causes of death was received via CD as an Excel file, with information from September 18, 2017 to June 11, 2018. However, the database did not indicate what percent of deaths per month were already entered. The CPI has made the database publicly available for direct download. The CPI also noted that this database, which contains 22,985 entries, listed all the deaths that occurred in Puerto Rico from September 18, 2017 to June 11, 2017.